The purpose of this glossary is to assist you in understanding the words and phrases used by the Board of Physicians. These terms are used in the Board’s practitioner profile website. Terms applicable to the Maryland Board of Physicians:


The American Board of Medical Specialties.


The Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education.


The American Medical Association.


The American Osteopathic Association

Administrative law judge

The hearing officer for full-evidentiary hearings of the Board.


An individual applying for initial licensure as a physician in Maryland.


The State Board of Physicians.

Case resolution conference

A committee composed of Board members who make recommendations to the Board with regard to proposed disposition of matters before hearing.


Successfully meeting all the specified requirements of the certifying body of a medical licensing authority or specialty board recognized by the Board.

Charging document

A document issued by the Board which sets forth one or more charges or an intent to deny licensure on grounds set out in Health Occupations Article, § 14-404(a), Annotated Code of Maryland, or COMAR 10.32.07.


Continuing medical education.


Code of Maryland Regulations.


A written allegation that a practitioner has committed a prohibited act for which the Board can take disciplinary action or deny licensure.

Consent agreement

A binding, voluntary agreement between the Board and the physician which has the force of a final order of the Board.


Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is the Federal agency that issues a certificate to physicians allowing them to write prescriptions for controlled substances.

Disciplinary action

A formal action taken by the Board against the practitioners license.


The Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates.


The Federation of State Medical Boards of the United States, Inc.


Medical study program with specific training usually within a chosen field of specialty.

Final order

The final decision of the Board, which contains findings of fact, conclusions of law, and a disposition.


Additional training required after graduation from medical school.


The gathering of the information necessary for the Board to determine whether there is reasonable cause to charge the respondent with a violation of the Medical Practice Act.


Unless the context requires otherwise, a license issued by the Board to practice medicine.

Licensed physician

Unless the context requires otherwise, a physician, including a doctor of osteopathy, who is licensed by the Board to practice medicine.


An individual, to whom a license is issued, including an individual practicing medicine within or as a professional corporation or professional association.

Medical Practice Act

Health Occupations Article, §§14-101 – 14-702 and 15-101 – 15-501, Annotated Code of Maryland. The statutory authority for the licensure and discipline of physicians.

Moral turpitude

Conduct evidencing moral baseness, as determined by the Board, on a case-by-case basis under common law.

Peer review

An evaluation according to procedures set forth by the faculty and approved by the Board, by physicians within the involved medical specialty or specialties, of an act or acts of medical or surgical care, or other acts connected with medical or surgical practice, by an applicant or licensee.


A monetary penalty.


An individual who practices medicine.

Practice Medicine

  1. "Practice medicine" means to engage, with or without compensation, in medical:
  1. Diagnosis;
  2. Healing;
  3. Treatment; or
  4. Surgery.
  1. "Practice medicine" includes doing, undertaking, professing to do, and attempting any of the following:
  1. Diagnosing, healing, treating, preventing, prescribing for, or removing any physical, mental, or emotional ailment or supposed ailment of an individual:
  1. By physical, mental, emotional, or other process that is exercised or invoked by the practitioner, the patient, or both; or
  2. By appliance, test, drug, operation, or treatment;
  1. Ending of a human pregnancy; and
  2. Performing acupuncture.


A disciplinary action which is a period of time the physician is subject to monitoring the terms and conditions in accord with an order of the Board

Prohibited act

Any conduct specified in the Medical Practice Act and COMAR 10.32.07, which can result in sanctions.


A disciplinary action against a physician’s license.


Extended postgraduate training usually in relation to establishing a specialty field of medical practice.


An individual health care provider, subject to the jurisdiction of the Board.


The removal of a physician’s license to practice a health occupation.


"Sanction" means an action by the Board which:

  1. Reprimands;
  2. Places on probation;
  3. Fines;
  4. Suspends or revokes a license; or
  5. Disciplines by a consent order.


The Special Purpose Examination which is part of the Post-Licensure Assessment System (PLAS) program prepared by the Federation of State Medical Boards.


The withholding of Board action against a health care provider, which stay may be subject to enumerated conditions.


The act of staying all further action in a proceeding, subject to the proceeding being reopened at a later date.

Summary suspension

A denial for an indefinite period of the right to use a license.


The voluntary relinquishing of a license to the Board by a health care provider.


A temporary denial of the right to use a license and is usually defined by:

  1. A specific period of time;
  2. Specific dates; or
  3. Specific conditions.

Unprofessional conduct

A ground for charges under the Medical Practice Act. Whether conduct is unprofessional or not, is determined by the Board on a case by case basis.


The United States Medical Licensing Examination.